Next 5 Years Could be Warmest Ever Recorded | UN Report:
The World Meteorological Organization (WMO), a branch of the United Nations, has issued a warning stating that the combination of El Nino and greenhouse gas emissions will lead to a significant rise in temperatures, urging the need for preparedness. According to the WMO, the next five years projected the warmest period ever recorded.
The organization highlighted that there is a 98-percent likelihood that at least one of the next five years, as well as the entire five-year period, will set a new record for warmth. The WMO attributed this trend to the influence of greenhouse gases and the joint impact of El Nino, a natural weather phenomenon. This scenario expected to unfold between 2023 and 2027.
Petteri Taalas, the Secretary-General of the WMO, emphasized that a warming El Nino anticipated to develop in the coming months, which, when combined with human-induced climate change, will push global temperatures into unprecedented territory. El Nino and its counterpart, La Nina, are climate patterns known to generate extreme weather events in various regions worldwide. Typically, El Nino leads to a rise in average global temperatures, while La Nina has a cooling effect.
Taalas cautioned that the WMO is raising the alarm regarding the increasingly frequent breaches of the 1.5°C temperature threshold. He highlighted the far-reaching consequences this would have on areas such as health, food security, water management, and the environment.
According to the WMO, the annual mean global near-surface temperature predicted to be 1.1°C to 1.8°C higher for each year between 2023 and 2027 compared to the average recorded during the period of 1850-1900. This timeframe serves as a baseline due to its representation of pre-industrial greenhouse gas levels.
Furthermore, the WMO forecasts that Arctic warming will be over three times greater than the global average during the next five northern hemisphere winters. The organization also predicts increased rainfall in the Sahel, northern Europe, Alaska, and northern Siberia, while regions such as the Amazon and parts of Australia will experience reduced rainfall.
Source: Based on information from the World Meteorological Organization (WMO)
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