Global conversion rates, the percentage of annual absolute growth, and the total number of followers are frequently tracked by statistics. Reports from the twenty-first century indicate that Islam is the world’s fastest-growing major religion in terms of proportion and geographic expansion.
A detailed religious estimate by the Pew Research Center for 2050 suggests that Muslims will constitute a more significant percentage of the world’s population than Christians, primarily due to their lower average age and higher reproductive rate. Birth rates, rather than conversion rates, are projected to be the primary driver of a particular religion’s expansion. While Pentecostalism, a Protestant Christian movement, is said to be the world’s fastest-growing religion, this trend is mainly due to Christians changing their denominations and becoming Pentecostals.
Counting the number of people who join a religion can be challenging since some national censuses inquire about faith but not whether the respondent has converted to their current religion. Conversion is also difficult in some countries due to legal and societal consequences. For example, in several Muslim nations, individuals who publicly renounce Islam may be executed.
There is limited information on conversions to and from Islam, and the little available data may indicate that religious conversion has no significant impact on the Muslim population. A 2011 Pew Research study found that the number of people who convert to Islam is almost equal to those who leave Islam. Therefore, it is essential to better document the number of conversions to and from Islam.
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