Mango Production in Pakistan Decline by 20% Due to Climate Change: PFVA:
Pakistan’s mango production is facing a significant challenge due to the adverse impacts of climate change, which could result in a 20 percent reduction in production during the current season, warns Waheed Ahmed, Patron-in-Chief of the All Pakistan Fruit and Vegetable Exporters Association (PFVA).
Pakistan’s mango production currently stands at approximately 1.8 million tons, but the effects of climate change are expected to cause a decrease of around 20 percent, bringing it down to approximately 1.44 million tons.
Ahmed highlighted that the extended winter period, which lasted until early, has contributed to the decline in mango production and weakened the fruit’s ability to withstand diseases. He emphasized the need for research institutes and provincial agriculture departments to intensify their efforts in protecting mango farmers from the negative consequences of climate change.
The target for mango exports this season has been set at 125,000 metric tons, and if achieved, Pakistan stands to earn $100 million in foreign exchange. Mango exports are scheduled to commence this month.
Major buyers of Pakistani mangoes include Gulf countries, Iran, Central Asia, and the UK. Other important markets encompass Europe, Canada, the US, Malaysia, Singapore, Hong Kong China, and Japan.
A significant challenge for mango exports is the increased cost resulting from reduced production, quality issues associated with climatic conditions, and higher expenses for freight, packaging, and transportation. Additionally, ongoing law and order problems, political instability, and disruptions in delivery within the country may also impact exports, according to Ahmed.
In Pakistan, Punjab accounts for 70 percent of mango production, while Sindh and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa contribute 29 percent and 1 percent, respectively. Ahmed further revealed that 50 percent of mangoes are exported by sea, 35 percent by land, and 15 percent by air.